Glossary: Z

Here you will find definitions of terms used in resources on the Foodsource website. You will also find these definitions on the right-hand side within chapters. If you have any suggestions for new glossary items, let us know here.

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Zero-tillage farming

Zero-tillage farming refers to the farming of crops without disturbing the soil through tillage. Tilling methods include such activities as shovelling and ploughing or the use of cultivators to crush clods and smoothen the soil. Zero-tillage farming requires fewer machinery inputs and related energy use, and often less human labour per unit of output. Tillage is used to eliminate weeds, and zero-tillage farming is often associated with higher pesticide and herbicide levels. Zero-tillage farming is particularly associated with the production of genetically modified crops and the use of glyphosate-based broad-spectrum herbicides such as Roundup that kill many different types of weeds.

Zoonotic diseases

Zoonotic diseases are pathogens (e.g. viruses, bacteria, funghi, parasites) which can – to varying degrees – be transmitted between animals and human. Examples include bird and swine flu, lyme disease, bovine tuberculosis, rabies, and zika.